7 December 1941 to 31 December 1942
|Overview: 7 December 1941 to 15 November 1944|
|With the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, TEXAS was in Casco Bay, Maine and
would remain in the Atlantic-Africa - Europe area till November 1944. BB35 did
not have the sailing speed or gun range for the expected engagements with the
Japanese surface fleet. But the guns were still very powerful and seen as
effective for supporting the invasions that would be needed to liberate Africa
and Europe. Such use was never envisioned when the ship was commissioned in 1914
but an effective use was still found almost 30 years later. During the war, the
ship went through several upgrades to guns and electronics.
The next 3 years and 9 nine months involved 4 combat operations and many convoy escorts involving 20 crossings of the Atlantic. Movements ranged from Iceland in the north and south to almost the equator off the West Africa coast, west to Panama and eastward to Italy. The ship traveled about 100,000 miles when redeployed to the Pacific, in November 1944.
TEXAS was the only US battleship to be in combat in Africa and Europe.
|Configuration 7 December 1941|
|Paint Scheme: 1st of 5, WWII|
(Under extreeme magnification the measure 12 markings are visible on turret 4, turret 5 and their gun barrels).
|Applied: August - October 1941, Norfolk Navy Yard,
Next scheme: Measure 22: 23 February to 8 March 1943
|.||Total||Superstructure||2nd Deck||Main Deck||Fore Mast||Main Mast||Sig Bridge|
Three OS2Us aboard till at least January 1943. By 1944 the number was reduced to two.
|Radar - CXAM-1 (1st of 4)|
CXAM-1 installed August - October 1941 being the first of four operational radars aboard.
BB35 was one of only 20 US Navy ships have such radar as of the Pearl Harbor attack.
|Christmas 1941: Ship Harbor, Newfoundland|
|Some of the local children
Cover of the Christmas program
|Operations - 1942|
|15 January to 11 March - Iceland a
possible breakout into the North Atlantic by the German battleship Tirpitz.
4 April to 24 April - Panama: escort elements of the 1st Marine Infantry Division bound for Guadalcanal. The cadre of the division was organized aboard TEXAS, in February 1941
28 May to 21 June - West Coast of Africa, the convoy was meet about 400 nautical miles west/north-west of Freetown.
1 July to 27 July - Scotland: Docked at Greenock, at the entrance to the Clyde Estuary. The last arrival would be April 1944.
23 October to 29 November - North Africa: Invasion of Morocco, first BB35 combat of World War II.
Imperial War Museum © IWM (A 8058) - Non Commercial License
The website caption is "ON BOARD THE DESTROYER HMS FURY AT HVALFJORD, ICELAND. 11 AND 20 FEBRUARY 1942".
The paint scheme is definitely measure 12 from irregular markings easily visible on turret 1, 2 and the conning tower
|Changes: March or April - May 1942|
Returning from deployment to Iceland in March, the ship went into Norfolk Navy Yard and again April - May.
Do not know which period the gun changes below were made
|.||Total||Superstructure||2nd Deck||Main Deck||Main Mast||Sig Bridge||Flag
|5inch||6||0||8 to 0||6|
|50cal||0||4 to 0|
2nd Deck - last eight 5inch guns removed
|After the removal of the 5inch guns from second deck and before preparation for the invasion of North Africa|
|Preparation for Invasion of North Africa: 29 July to 11 August 1942|
Returning from convoy escort to Scotland, TEXAS entered Norfolk Navy Yard on 29 July in preparation for the invasion of North Africa, November 1942.
|Radar: 2nd of 4|
Installed: SC-1 with the antenna placed atop the foremast
(Removed February 1944, Boston Navy Yard.)
|.||Total||Superstructure||Main Deck||Main Mast||Sig Bridge||Flag
|20mm||14 to 38||2||4 to 24||6||4||2|
|1.1inch||16 to 32||8||16||8|
|Altered - Paint Scheme Measure 12|
Still measure 12 but the markings are different from the previous profile photo
As of 11 August 1942 - The ship remained in Norfolk Navy Base until sailing for North Africa on 23 October 1942
|Started 11 May 1999 by Chuck Moore, FTV (1st Texas Volunteers) a Battleship Texas volunteer group - Donate Your Time And Support The Battleship Texas|